https://www.wildflowers-and-weeds.com/Plant_Families/Brassicaceae.htm 1. Crucifer: 4 petalled flower, 4 + 2 stamens, mostly biennial. Vegetable yielding plants. This family includes 375 genera and about 3200 species. Family Brassicaceae â Mustard family : Contains 107 Genera and 1208 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Alliaria Heist. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. P: Genus Alyssum L. â madwort P: Genus Anelsonia J.F. The family encompasses the Arabidopsis model species, for which the entire genomic DNA sequence is known, and a considerable number of economically important crops of the genus Brassica; oilseed rape (canola), the mustards, and the cabbage/broccoli group of vegetables. The dimorphic leaves and hypogynous followers of Ranunculaceae trace the relationship with the family Nymphaeaceae. Family: Brassicaceae; Cruciferae; Common name: mustard family [Zomlefer, pp. Brassicaceae or Cruciferae is a medium-sized and economically important family of flowering plants, commonly known as mustards, the crucifers or the cabbage family. The family is very important economically, providing mustard, cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, rapeseed or canola (all species or varieties of Brassica), radish (Raphanus), horseradish (Cochlearia), and watercress (Rorippa). The Brassicaceae family is also well studied by comparative mapping. Petals are often clawed. Family Brassicaceae is also called as the mustard family. â alliaria P: Genus Alyssoides Mill. Presence of tree or shrub (Paeonia). Description Alternate, simple leaves with waxy cuticle or hairs. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Flowers are actinomorphic and without subtending bracts (ebracteate). ex Fabr. Plants have characteristic sulfur odor. & Payson â anelsonia P: Genus Aphragmus Andrz. ex DC. Primitive characters: 1. Economic Importance of Brassicaceae. Its members yield several vegetable crops. Cultural Characteristics â¦ Distinguishing Characteristics of Plant Families . 2. The family can be linked with Rosaceae on account of free and numerous stamens and carpels. Macbr. BRASSICACEAE or CRUCIFERAE:MUSTARD FAMILY Broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, mustard, Pak choi, radish. BRASSICACEAE (mustard family) Cut-leaved toothwort (Cardamine concatenata) is a native spring wildflower. They bear alternate leaves which lack stipules. The Mustard family (Cabbage family, Brassicaceae, also known as Cruciferae) is familiar through turnip rapes, oilseed rapes, mustards and cabbages and is linked by the four-leaved (petals crossing), 6 stamens (4 tall and 2 short) and often long, narrow fruit (not always, however â shepherdâs purseâs fruit is triangular while on pennycresses and nasturtiums they are round). Perianth is of 4 sepals and 4 petals in a cruciform (cross-like) arrangement. Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) Mustard Family; Leaves are often deeply lobed and pinnatifid. The Brassicaceae is the 4th largest family in B.C., with 169 species and varieties. The mustard family (Brassicaceae) consists mainly of annual to perennial herbs with watery acrid juices (having a radish-like peppery taste). 125-130] Diversity: Worldwide: ~380 genera; ~3,200 species U.S.: 55 genera Perennial habit (Aconitum, Clematis). 3.